Hadith about 73 sects of Muslims explanation english Islamic

Biggest question of the day Rather question of this century and millennium.



1) The Hadith referred is as follows:

أخبرنا أبو العباس قاسم بن القاسم السياري بمرو ثنا أبو الموجه حدثنا أبو عمار : ثنا الفضل بن موسى عن محمد بن عمرو عن أبي سلمة عن أبي هريرة : أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : افترقت اليهود على إحدى و سبعين فرقة أو اثنتين و سبعين فرقة و النصارى مثل ذلك و تفترق أمتي على ثلاث و سبعين فرقة (المستدرك) 

“Abu Hurayrah (RadiyAllahu Anhu) relates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: ‘The Jews were divided into 71 or 72 sects as were the Christians. My Ummah will be divided into 73 sects.”   (Al-Mustadrak)

The hadith of our beloved Prophet is in Hadith book Abu Dawood:

 In this hadith the prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said, “My community will be split up into seventy-three sects.”

(Sunan Abu Dawood Hadith No. 4579)

2) Another Hadith is there in Hadith book Tirmdhi Hadith no 171 Narrated byAbdullah ibn Amr
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: There will befall my Ummah exactly (all those) evils which befell the people of Isra'il, so much so that if there was one amongst them who openly committed fornication with his mother there will be among my Ummah one who will do that, and if the people of Isra'il were fragmented into seventy-two sects my Ummah will be fragmented into seventy-three sects. All of them will be in Hell Fire except one sect. They (the Companions) said: Allah's Messenger, which is that? Whereupon he said: It is one to which I and my companions belong.
(Tirmidhi Hadith No. 171)

   The division into 73 is a prediction.

This hadith reports that the prophet predicted the emergence of seventy-three sects.As it has been predicted by prophet it is sure that it will happen and Ummah will be divided into 73 sects.

But he did not say that Muslims should be active in dividing themselves into sects.

We should do our best to stop it as whosoever will become one of the deviated 72 will go into Hell.

And It is duty of all muslims to save every person from going to Hell.So as Last ummati and no prophet will come it is our duty to try for every person to enter into paradise. This was the mission of our beloved prophet (S.A.W.)

Making sects has not been liked by Quran and Hazrat Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

The Glorious Qur’an commands us not to create sects. Those who follow the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah, and do not create sects are the People who are on the true path.

“And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves;” [Al-Qur’an 3:103]

Qur’an says call yourselves Muslim

Surah Fussilat chapter 41 verse 33 says

“Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says, ‘I am of those Who bow in Islam (Muslim)?’ ”

[Al-Qur’an 41:33]

Muslims are single brotherhood.

Allah (Subhanahu wa ta’aala) states;

إِنَّ هَذِهِ أُمَّتُكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَأَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُونِ

  “Verily, this brotherhood of yours is a single brotherhood, and I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore serve Me (and no other)” [Al-Anbiyah: 92]

Messenger of Allah (SalAllahu alaihi wasallam) taught us,

المسلم أخ المسلم ، لا يظلمه ولا يخذله ولا يحقره

“The Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, he doesn't oppress him, neither does he hand him over to the enemy, he doesn't disappoint him, nor does he humiliate him.”

Allah (Subhanahu wa ta’aala) states;

هُوَ سَمَّاكُمُ الْمُسْلِمينَ

22:78 And strive in His cause as ye ought to strive (with sincerity and under discipline): He has chosen you and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims both before and in this (Revelation); that the Apostle may be a witness for you and ye be witnesses for mankind! So establish regular Prayer give regular Charity and hold fast to Allah! He is your Protector the Best to protect and the Best to help!

Any disagreement which exists, is something which can be referred to the divine texts,

فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ

4;59 O ye who believe! obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves refer it to Allah and His Apostle if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best and most suitable for final determination.

Biggest question of the day Rather question of this century and millennium.

Which one among the group/subgroups  of muslim world of today  which one is Ahle sunnat Wal Jamaat on the path of Rasulullah and Sahaba.

Certain things of this issue is quite clear

1.There are certain differences that are natural and permissible.

Ash-Shafi'i (ra) states in his book Ar-Risalah;
“Disagreement is of two types:
One that is Haram and the other is not.

Everything that Allah established by the definite proof (Hujjah) in His book or clearly stated by His Prophet is Haram to disagree over by the one who knows of it. As for that which can be understood differently or by analogy, since the text can bare it…there is room for [disagreement] unlike in the clearly stated.”

2. Aamong present day Mainstream Sunni (all other than shia,We dont know anything about Shia believes etc) Muslims Groups/ organisations. 
(Although each group present Horrible and Dangerous Picture about other group)
in most of the cases their differences have basis from Quran and Ahadith and comes under category of Permissible differences.
So all groups/Organisation/Sect who come under category of Permissible differences are Saved Sect of Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat.
It is certain that it will include many Groups/Organisation of present day Muslims. So even if you are considering them as different group they may come under one group on these criteria

2. Those who are involved in open Shirk at Graves etc and Innovations and deviations that has no proof in Quran and Sunnah and from Salfussalehin,they are in 72 and in great Danger and Should repent and should ask forgiveness from Allah.No group label/Group name/ or claim will save them.

 3.The Sunnah of the Messenger (SalAllahu alaihi wasallam) permitted disagreements in the branches or Furoo.The disagreement that existed among the Sahabah were in the Furoo', not in the Usul (foundations of the Deen). No condemnation was made about such disagreements in the Furoo’.

2) The followers of the Companions (Tabi'een), the generation that followed them, and the scholars of the Salaf (predecessors) accepted the disagreement in the Furoo’ but not in the Usul ud-Deen (foundations of the Deen).

3.Subsequently, the great Mujtahideen of Islam differed on many aspects of the Deen, but they were again in the branches and not in basics. 

 So the “firqah” which are punished in hell fire, are not those groups which have these legitimate differences.

4. The differences among the four Imam are in branches those who follow a particular Madhab, such as the Shafi’i, Hanafi, Hanbali, Maliki are not different group rather they are one and Ahle sunnat Waljamaat. And As all the Fuqhah/Muhaddethin/Imams including great four Imams are Salfus Saliheen so All are in one group even if they differed in branches of deen. They are in Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat that is Saved sect.
Below is the commentry from Quran on the subject. 

If two Islamic Scholar/ group/school of thought stays united in and around the Holy Qur'an and at the same time, continues to accept the explanation and detail coming from the Holy Prophet and Salfussalehin and then, on the basis of God-given natural ability and intellectual quality, expresses differences in opinion about subsidiaries of religion, in which case, this difference will be natural and Islam does not forbid it.

The difference among the blessed Sahaba and their Successors, and among leading juristic authorities was of this nature. It was nothing but this difference that was called a 'mercy' for the community.Difference among the four great Imams  are of this category.

However, if these very subsidiary debates will be invested with the status of the mainstream of religion, and differences arising out of them were to become a cause of controversy, confrontation, insult and vilification, then, this too will be considered blameworth

May Allah give us taufeeq to be on the path of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and Sahaba and save from fire of the Hell.
And Allah knows the best.

1 comment:

  1. One of the sunnah of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was that he stopped and greeted the Ahlul Bait every single day. Then why dont we, sunnis revere his family the way Shias do?